Over-modern, over here

I know I mentioned it in passing, but what with one thing and another, the 1950s Modern book that I wrote for Shire hasn’t really had much of an outing on here, despite having hit the shops before Christmas.

1950s Modern cover image Shire books

You can buy it on Amazon if you like, but the nice people at Shire have promised me a couple of copies to give out as prizes, so if that’s not an excuse for a post and a competition, I don’t know what is.

The book takes a look at the many and various ways in which that nebulous concept ‘the modern’ took shape in design during that decade.  Everything from the obvious, like the Festival of Britain.

Festival of Britain Battersea Gardens guide skylon biro

To the more ambiguous.

Barbara Jones expo booklet inside

This rather interesting mix of trad and modern is by Barbara Jones, by the way, and is one of her illustrations for the British exhibit at the 1958 Brussels Expo (more here if you’re interested).

One of the many things that amuses me about the design of this period is the strenuous efforts people made in pursuit of the modern.  Take this plate, for example, made by Stoke pottery firm J&G Meakin.

1950s Meakin checked plate

These kinds of designs are pretty familiar to us nowadays, but at the time they were strikingly different.  And this wasn’t just because the designs and colours had come over from America, it’s also because it’s a determined effort to be as different as possible to a conventional plate as it could be.  Shall we list the charges against it?

First is the shape.  Most plates are round; this one is squarish.  Plates aren’t round by accident, they are round because they are thrown on a wheel.  You can’t throw a square plate (well, you can, but to break it rather than make it), you have to cast it, a much more difficult and expensive process.  The same is true of the decoration; round plates tend to have circles on them because they’re much easier to paint that way – again you spin the plate round, hold the paintbrush still, Bob’s your uncle.  These straight lines take a great deal more effort.

Finally, there’s the kind of decoration.  1950s ceramics acquire their motifs from pretty much anywhere except traditional tableware motifs.  In this case they’ve used a tablecloth pattern, which is actually not entirely unreasonable, but I’ve also seen Formica designs and dog-tooth checks.  Then of course there are the pictorial ones.  The most famous tableware of all from this period has to be Homemaker.

Homemaker plate designed Enid Sweeney

Looks fine, doesn’t it?  It’s so much a symbol of the times that we’re accustomed to it.  But wait a minute, how much do you really want to eat your food off a picture of a television?  And a television that’s staring back at you, to boot.

Homemaker is of course a visual dictionary of all the most up-to-date things that you could possibly put in your sitting room: so that modernity outweighs any scruples you might have about eating off the furniture.   And if it’s modern, it almost certainly appeared on a plate.  Everything from the Continentally modern aubergine to spider plants, New Look fashions to sharp colours that can’t have made the food look appetising, they all appeared on plates during the 1950s.  You can say what you like about the results, but they were definitely trying to be modern.

Terence Conran midwinter pot plants ceramic design

That digression into tableware, quite apart from being one of my other obsessions (I will refer you to my MA thesis unless you’re careful) is by way of demonstrating the sheer, teeth-gritting commitment that designers had to modernity in the 1950s, even in the face of what would seem to be common sense.

Your mission, if you want to win a copy of the 1950s Modern book, is to find a poster which illustrates that same, barking, modernism in graphic form.  Here’s one I quite like.

Henrion KB day view television poster.

But I still don’t think that quite encapsulates what was going on.  Although it does have a television on it, and there wasn’t much that was more modern than the television in those days.

So, can you do better?  If you can, post your thoughts in the comments box and the winner – chosen by me according to my own prejudices – gets a copy of the book.  Entries close on Wednesday 30th January.  British posters probably score more highly than furrin, too.

If that all sounds a bit taxing, there will also be another competition on the brand new Quad Royal Facebook page at the end of the week.  Why not pop over and like that now, then you won’t miss it when it happens.  In the meantime, I await your entries.

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4 Comments

  1. Posted February 4, 2013 at 1:44 pm | Permalink

    These stood out for me in the recent Onslows sale:
    http://www.onslows.co.uk/Catalogues/ps191212/lot0189a-0.jpg
    http://www.onslows.co.uk/Catalogues/ps191212/lot0189-0.jpg
    http://www.onslows.co.uk/Catalogues/ps191212/lot0188-0.jpg

    I can’t think of a more literal attempt to persuade the onlooker, particularly in the way that the modernisation of service is linked to a modernising aesthetic.

  2. crownfolio
    Posted February 8, 2013 at 3:09 pm | Permalink

    They are good, aren’t they. But I think there’s even more than that going on too – aren’t they also an attempt to persuade you that old-fashioned things – like sea bathing and trains – are really very Moderne? Art Deco as an aesthetic reinvention of the Victorian, discuss.

    Also notable is that in each case, modernity is equated with fewer people about. But what that means I don’t know.

  3. Posted February 14, 2013 at 10:22 am | Permalink

    Regarding the reduction of bodies, there seems to be new higher order in the alternative vision, where simplicity and order are prized over chaos (I am currently researching the history of Gestalt psychology and this seems relevant one way or another).

    Your reference of ‘moderne’ brought to mind the grungy flat I lived in once within a block called Moderne Mansions!

  4. crownfolio
    Posted February 14, 2013 at 1:22 pm | Permalink

    I wrote my MA Thesis on 1950s Pottery, and moderne was a favourite word of Pottery Gazette and Glass Trade Review at the time. They were not really fond of the style I don’t think and used the word as a distancing device. I, however, would have loved to have lived in Moderne Mansions. Are they still there?

    Being a simple soul, I’ve always put the drive for simplicity as coming from a reaction to mass-production. Once a machine can do decoration, your giant Baroque silver salt cellar is no longer a celebration of the sheer number of man-hours that it took to produce it. A machine can knock them out any old how. So the people at the top have to change the rules and therefore less is more. Which is pretty much the equation being set out in those posters: more is now old, less is new. I had an idea about the effects of the first world war as well and depersonalisation, but that would need a whole post to itself. Might do that one day.

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